Unfortunately, the answer to all your questions posed above, sestir, require only the two following words: "none" and "no".
To break them down a bit, with a slightly more fuller response other than "none" or "no":
"Surely there must be.....written in whatever manuscript....context when possible." - I know of neither a website or a book that lists them all in such a handy way, and definitely
not with regards to the manuscript source for the quote. I find it almost nigh on impossible to even find what Greek/Latin manuscripts are used to produce such books as "The Ante-Nicene Fathers". These manuscripts must exist, somewhere, but will they tell you what they're called or referred to as? Will they heck!
The only thing I can think of that comes close is the Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture
set, but again, it is only in English and doesn't give much help in identifying the manuscripts used as the base text (the entire set also costs over $1100! - link
| or available on Logos
for the much more manageable sum of $308). They also don't give the Greek/Latin underlying text either.
"Is there some easy way to access... so does not have access to the archives of all those peer-reviewed magazines for free? Reading blogs and anything more?" - Again, no, there really isn't
" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;) has finally started to allow Public
access to their articles; however, you can only have three articles
(not even a Journal issue) on your "shelf", and you are forced to keep them on there for an entire two weeks before you can remove them. This means you can really only read a grand total of 78 articles per year. With over 7 million
articles to choose from, the "general public" use would need nearly 90,000 years in order to read them all. You could get the $199 a year JPASS in order to access a few more (but only download 120 pdfs a month).
I, like you, find it very difficult to find the information I want to know, and am quite certain most of the time that "surely, SURELY someone has already done this?", to only find that yes, the probably have - but like hell is it going to be easy to access, nor will it be exactly what you want.
For example: I wanted to see if someone had compiled a list of all the names used in Scripture, and provided the Hebrew, English and Greek counterparts (be them in the Mas/DSS Hebrew, Greek LXX, or Greek NT), and also reference where they appear in Scripture. Surely, after all this time, someone's done this, right?
I couldn't find a single place that had combined Hebrew/Greek/English, nor even Hebrew/English, nor even English/Greek, NOR Hebrew/Greek either. So, I'm doing it all by myself instead (which I will provide Free of Charge
on TWTY once I'm done).
This, regrettably, is the world we live in - a rather annoying one!